Flashpoint Asia

Taiwan Strait Chinese Translation

By: Ted Galen Carpenter

Tensions with Beijing have declined dramatically since Ma Ying-jeou took office as Taiwan’s president. That situation is a refreshing contrast to the one that existed under his predecessor, Chen Shui-bian. China and Taiwan have established direct air and sea links, mainland tourists are coming to the island in robust numbers, and a wide range of economic ties are growing at a brisk rate. Political relations have also improved as the two sides have engaged in direct negotiations for the first time in a decade and both Beijing and Taipei have made conciliatory diplomatic gestures.

Yet, it’s important not to overstate the improvement in the security environment.

Most notably, China has continued to increase the number of missiles that it deploys across the strait from Taiwan. Moreover, from China’s perspective, the current thaw became possible only because of the conciliatory posture that Ma and the KMT adopted. If Ma and his party can’t sustain their political dominance, it’s uncertain how long the improvement in cross-straits ties will last.

There are already signs of domestic trouble for the KMT — Ma’s popularity has sagged badly as a result of the severe economic recession and his government’s bungling of the rescue and relief effort following Typhoon Morakot. The December local elections also were a disappointment for the KMT and saw a modest revival, at least, for the pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party.

Even if the DPP doesn’t regain the presidency in 2012, there’s little reason to be optimistic over a possible peaceful outcome to the Taiwan problem in the long term. Although a majority of Taiwanese did not support the previous DPP administration’s provocative policies toward Beijing, it is equally apparent that there’s little support for reunification with the mainland. Yet reunification remains China’s ultimate goal. That suggests a nasty collision in the future. Taiwan is unlikely ever to agree to reunification, and China is unlikely to indefinitely tolerate an upstart de facto independent island 100 miles off its own shores, especially as China’s economic and military power continues to grow.

Thanks to Ma Ying-jeou, the day of reckoning regarding the status of Taiwan has been postponed. But it hasn’t been eliminated.

Ted Galen Carpenter, vice president for defense and foreign policy studies at the Cato Institute, is the author of eight books on international issues, including ‘America’s Coming War with China: A Collision Course over Taiwan’ (Palgrave Macmillan, 2006).

Thomas Patterson January 6, 2010

“Thanks to Ma Ying-jeou, the day of reckoning regarding the status of Taiwan has been postponed.”

But has it been postponed? One of the main problems with Ma Ying-jeou’s approach towards China is that he is putting all of his eggs in the Chinese basket. By neglecting economic and military ties with more traditional allies, such as Japan and the United States, in favor of ties with China (Exhibits A and B: the administration’s fervor to hastily sign an Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement and other agreements with Beijing before consensus exists in Taiwan superimposed with the hasty decision of former Premier Liu to threaten war against Japan over a fishing boat collision, or the unfortunate decision to blacklist Japanese representative to Taiwan Masaki Saito for saying the Japan considers Taiwan’s status to be undetermined (which it does, as does the US)and by hesitating to pursue new ties where possible with other countries, the Taiwanese government is creating a crisis of international support for Taiwan.

And, while the Ma administration notes that it would like to purchase new weapons such as F-16s, it hardly makes its requests loudly or with frequency. Doing so might just harm those oh-so-precious ties with Beijing. Meanwhile, the military imbalance tilts ever more heavily in favor of China.

In fact, one could easily state that the day of reckoning has been hastened. The Chinese authorities have made it known that they plan to acquire Taiwan regardless of what the Taiwanese think about the situation. By weakening the country’s defense posture and increasing its dependence on China, the Ma administration is ensuring that the day that China can impose its will militarily, and/or through economic coercion is moving closer, not further away.

Your “thanks” to Ma sounds a bit premature to me.

Bill. January 8, 2010

In all of the books and articles I have read recently, I think Taiwan’s union with China is basically a done deal in all but deed. One by one, China is subverting the few countries still backing Taiwan’s claim to independence.

None are going to come to it’s aid if the Chinese decide to move. Even the US will think twice before militarily trying to intervene, no matter what it publicly says. We cannot chance losing the one country that is keeping our country solvent, not to mention that the Chinese are prepared for our intervention in many unconventional ways. I think it will happen before 2050.